It must be probably when I was in grade 3; there was this certain thing that alarmed me when I got to hear it. I’m sure that the class of GK was running by then. Our teacher was providing us with the various information like first prime-minister of Nepal, first Shah King, National flower and bird of Nepal and so on. She was going on. Then, I felt like something jack-hammering right in my ear drum. I heard her telling about the people who climbed Mt. Everest to the top before all did. I heard her telling about the 1st person who landed on the moon. After I returned home, I asked my mother about the height of Mt. Everest. I asked her about the moon too. She told me about the height of Everest in the terms of length of road. She took me outside during the night time and by pointing towards the moon told me that moon is thousands of miles away from the earth. What she said was out of my imagination and it kept me bemused for several days.
For some more days I got the feeling that reaching to the top of Everest or to the moon is impossible. Some more years after that I came to know what I thought to be the fiction was the fact. It was from then I realized that if we really crave for something, with all our mind and passion, then it will turn out to be the reality for sure.
Now I am the student of agriculture. I have the strong desire to bring about the change in agricultural system of Nepal in the positive manner. Some decades before, agriculture was the livelihood of most of the people of Nepal, a major source of national income, a way of life of farming community, a foundation stone of Nepalese civilization. With industrialization and urbanization most of the people are now found interested in other fields. Agricultural field seems to be neglected a lot both by the people and the government.
I hear many people saying, “Increasing agricultural productivity in large extent is impossible in Nepal“. They might have thought so because the fertility of land is decreasing, country is facing muscle and brain drain, people are less interested in agriculture as everybody wish to make quick money, environment is deteriorating and the ecology is imbalanced. Poverty might be the another problem that has seeded this thinking in peoples’ mind.
Closely analyzing the data on productivity of paddy of last two fiscal years (2010/11- 2.981 mt/ha, 2011/12- 3.312 mt/ha, according to Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal) we find that the increase in productivity of paddy is 11.1045%. This isn’t the bad result in itself but in comparison to the productivity of other nations we are far more behind.
But, what I think is that if we have intense desire to bring about the increase in agricultural productivity then we can make it happen. Food insecurity is the challenging problem of our country.We must shoulder the responsibility of increasing agricultural productivity by ourselves as we are the present and the future of the nation. Then; WHAT CAN WE DO TO MAKE WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THINK TO BE IMPOSSIBLE INTO POSSIBLE ONE?
These might be the solutions:
- The very 1st thing is that, we must conserve our resources like land, water, forest and air. Resources are the input to agricultural system. They help agriculture to sustain.
- We must make people understand the charm of agriculture, it’s importance in day to day life, the ill effects if agriculture goes wrong.
- We need to increase support for farmers and help them develop. We must help farmers with their agricultural problems like insects, pests and diseases.
- We need to provide farmers with improved and suitable agricultural technologies, improved seeds, disease-pest resistant varieties, proper irrigation and soil enrichment facilities.
- Indigenous Technological Knowledge (ITK) should be respected and encouraged. These knowledge can solve agricultural problems to the large extent. We also need to share our knowledge with them.
- Wishing for sustainable agriculture without sustainable environment goes in vein. Conserving bio-diversity is crucial to achieve sustainable agricultural development and high productivity.
- Poverty is the great barrier to agriculture development. We find that agricultural productivity is less in poor, developing and under-developed countries. Government need to help the poor people with their problems.
- Migration of potent manpower to other nations in the name of job and secured life is the problem of many countries like Nepal. These things must stop. We must come up with our own idea and create self-employment . As we are the caliber youth of the country, we must use our knowledge in our locality to make our country prosperous and independent in food.
- We must treat nature and soil as the living entity and help them grow without providing negative impact to them.
- Providing proper market with transparency and insurance of agricultural productivity, proper pre-harvest and post-harvest facility will certainly inspire farmers to grow crops without hesitation and without risk.
- Last but not the, least research in the field of agriculture must go on to develop suitable and affordable varieties within the reach of farmers as the environment is dynamic and always the same variety doesn’t do well.
Above mentioned things might not be the solutions to all the problems rampant in agriculture, but I think this will help us a lot to reduce our agricultural problems and help us increase agricultural productivity in the breakneck speed.