Talking about why the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ) were established , as far as I know these are the blueprints established with the primary objective of bringing down the number of people who live in extreme poverty, halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, women empowerment, universal primary education to all the people of the globe and many more by 2015. Essentially the Millennium Development Goals are the eight international development goals that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in the year 2000. MDGs were brought into action since 2000 with the agreement of all the 189 countries of UN and many different world’s leading international organizations.
The 8 goals are listed as follows for the achievement of which the international community is going on:
- Extreme hunger and poverty eradication,
- Universal primary education achievement,
- Gender equality and women empowerment promotion,
- Child mortality rate reduction,
- Maternal health improvement,
- Combating of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases,
- Ensuring environmental sustainability,and
- Developing a global partnership for development.
Have we been capable of achieving the goals?
How far are we?
According to the latest report of UN following achievements have been made:
- Goal of cutting down extreme poverty to half was achieved five years before the deadline of 2015.
- Now the number of girls and boys enrolling in primary schools are equal.
- Mother and children dying from those causes which can be prevented are decreasing in number.
- Target of halving the number of people deprived of clean and safe water have been achieved.
- People with HIV are treated and there are less people dying from malaria and tuberculosis now.
What about Nepal?
To achieve MDGs , following works are being done in Nepal:
- Conducting income generating activities in rural areas like handicraft, rearing of animals, planting vegetables,etc.
- Free health checkup and medicine to pregnant women.
- Providing the children with free clothes and afternoon lunch in primary education level.
- Helping farmers to carry out improved method of farming.
- Construction of infrastructures to provide clean and safe drinking water.
- Providing free medicated mosquito net in those regions where malaria is a problem to combat it.
With about 900 days remaining to reach the deadline of the MDGs, Nepal has been able to achieve some of them whereas there are some goals which are off-track. Some of the goals like reducing proportion of people under national poverty, access to improved source of drinking water, optimum enrollment of children in primary education, reduction in child and maternal mortality has been achieved extensively according to the Government of Nepal.
However, providing employment opportunity, addressing human development issues, reducing hunger and malnutrition, women empowerment protecting bio-diversity and the goals related to the improvement of environment and life of the people like sustainability is seen tedious to achieve.On the other hand it is seen that the poorest, most vulnerable group, marginal communities who are most in the need of support, are the one who are often ignored and left behind. Similarly, the number of people suffering from HIV/AIDS are also increasing.
Although, MDGs were set to be achieved up to 2015, there are many of them which are not achieved as targeted, some of them not even addressed, some didn’t reach to where it should have reached and so on. Half of the MDGs countries haven’t achieved the goal of reducing poverty below 5%. Similarly, the problem of unemployment is increasing with rapid pace due to cracking down of global market. Developed countries have not been able to cut the green house gas emission for sustainable environmental development.In developing countries like Nepal the deforestation problem is increasing in alarming rate that has become threat to bio’diversity. Hunger and malnutrition in Asian and African countries is still a great problem. There are still many more problems that need to be considered and discussed.
What can we do after 2015 to achieve same objectives?
Creating awareness among people about education, safe drinking water, health, etc.
Government should show strong commitment to reduce poverty.
Afforestation,bio-diversity conservation and other activities related to conserve environment.
Conducting health camps in those areas where people don’t have direct access to health facilities.
Creating awareness among people about family planning,maternal health, health of newborn and children.
Empowering women by helping them to involve in income generating activities.
Cutting green house gas, developing global partnership, etc.